MOJ Header

Current Issue - July 2010, Volume 4, Issue No. 2

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Can We Predict ACL Hamstring Graft Sizes in the Asian Male? A Clinical Relationship Study of Anthropometric Features and 4-Strand Hamstring Graft Sizes


  1. Lipscomb AB, Johnston RK, Snyder RB, et al: Evaluation of hamstring muscle strength following use of semitendinosus and gracilis tendons to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament. Am J Sports Med. 1982; 10: 340-2.
  2. Otero AL, Hutcheson L: A comparison of the doubled semitendinosus/gracilis and central third of the patellar tendon autografts in arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Arthroscopy. 1993; 9: 143-18.
  3. Mott HW: Semitendinosus anatomic reconstruction for cruciate ligament insufficiency. Clin Orthop 1983; 172: 90-2.
  4. Marder RA, Rasking JR, Carroll M; Prospective evaluation of arthroscopically assisted anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction, Patellar Tendon vs Semitendinosus and Gracilus Tendons. Am J Sports Med. 1991; 19(5): 478-84.
  5. Otto D, Pinczewski LA, Clingeleffer A, et al: Five-year results of single incision arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon autograft. Am J Sports Med. 1998; 26: 181-8.
  6. Shelbourne KD, Gray T: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with autogenous patellar tendon graft followed by accelerated rehabilitation. A two- to nine-year followup. Am J Sports Med. 1997; 25: 786-95.
  7. Noyes FR, Butler DL, Grood ES, Zernicke RF, Hefzy MS; Biomechanical Analysis of Human Ligament Grafts Used In Knee Ligament Repairs and Reconstructions. J Bone Joint Surg. 1984; 66A (3); 344-52.
  8. Woo SL, Hollis JM, Adams DJ, Lyon RM, Takai S. Tensile properties of the human femur-anterior cruciate ligament-tibia complex. The effects of specimen age and orientation. Am J Sports Med. 1991; 19(3): 217-25.
  9. Hamner DL, Brown CH Jr, Steiner ME, Hecker AT, Hayes WC. Hamstring tendon grafts for reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament: biomechanical evaluation of the use of multiple strands and tensioning techniques. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1999; 81(4): 549-57.
  10. Woo SLY, Wu C, Dede O, Vercillo F, Noorani S. Biomechanics and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Orthop Surg. 2006; 1: 2.
  11. Tan JL, Chang PCC, Mitra AK, Tay BK. Anthropometry of anterior cruciate ligament in Singapore Chinese. Ann Acad Med Singapore 1998; 27: 776-9.
  12. Tuman JM, Diduch, DR, Rubino LJ, Baumfeld JA, Nguyen HS, Hart JM. Predictors for hamstring graft diameter in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am J Sports Med. 2007; 35: 1945-9.
  13. Pichler W, Tesch NP, Schwantzer G, Fronhofer G, Boldin C, Hausleitner L, Grechenig W. Differences in length and cross-section of semitendinosus and gracilis tendons and their effect on anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 2008; 90-B: 516-19.

Abstract   |   Reference

MOJ footer

About Us

The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

Keep in Touch

creative-commons License