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Current Issue - November 2013, Volume 7, Issue No. 3

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Effectiveness of Cinnamon Oil Coating on K-Wire as an Antimicrobial Agent Against Staphylococcus Epidermidis


Background: Chronic osteomyelitis remains one of the common problems with the use of orthopaedic implants. Staphylococcus epidermidis is notorious for its biofilm formation on indwelling medical devices and is one of the most frequent pathogenic agents in chronic osteomyelitis. Cinnamon oil has been proven to be an effective antimicrobial agent against several bacteria, including S. epidermidis. The eradication of S. epidermidis and prevention of biofilm formation on medical devices are desirable outcomes. Objective: To study the antimicrobial effect of cinnamon oil coating on K-wire against S. epidermidis and to quantify the most effective concentration of cinnamon oil coating on the K-wire. Method: The cinnamon oil was divided in ten different concentrations, from 0.002% to 1%, and subsequently applied to the Kirschner wire (K-wire). Its antimicrobial effect was determined by agar well diffusion method (MHA). Cinnamon oil coated K-wires were planted on S. epidermidis inoculated Muller-Hinton Agar (MHA) plate. The size of the zone of inhibition was recorded to the nearest mm, and this was compared to gentamycin, fosfomycin, vancomycin, netilmycin. Result: The cream based 1% concentration cinnamon oil coating on K-wire showed the strongest antimicrobial effect on S. epidermidis inoculated MHA plate. This was evident especially in the fourth repetition, with an inhibition zone diameter (IZD) of 19 mm. In the 1% concentration repetitions, the highest mean IZD of the 4 repetitions was 14 mm (intermediate according NCCLS). The mean IZD results demonstrate that cinnamon oil has 46.3% of the effectiveness of gentamycin, 49.1% of fosfomycin, 59.6% of vancomycin, and 43.4% of netilmycin. Conclusion: In this in-vitro study, cream based cinnamon oil coating on K-wire is effective against S. epidermidis, though less effective compared to gentamycin, fosfomycin, vancomycin and netilmycin

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The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

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