Aneurysmal bone cysts rather than local aggressive lesions of the bone which may arise in any part of the axial or appendicular skeleton. Although several theories are available in the literature, the pathogenesis is still conflicting. We report an exceptional case of an aneurysmal bone cyst in the distal femur of a female cerebral palsy patient who underwent bilateral distal femoral derotational osteotomy and plate-screw fixation operations when she was 11 years old. Twenty-four months after the operation, radiographs showed a cystic lesion in the distal portion of the right femur around the osteotomy site. The diagnosis of Aneurysmal Bone Cyst (ABC) was made and the lesion was treated by curettage with cement application. After 36 months of follow-up, there was no recurrence. This is the first case reported in literature which raises the possibility that an osteotomy could be a cause in the development of an aneurysmal bone cyst.
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