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Current Issue - March 2019, Volume 13, Issue No. 1

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Infected Non-union of Tibia Treated with Ilizarov External Fixator: Our Experience


  1. Pal CP, Kumar H, Kumar D, Dinkar KS, Mittal V, Singh NK. Comparative study of the results of compound tibial shaft fractures treated by Ilizarov ring fixators and limb reconstruction system fixators. Chin J Traumatol. 2015; 18(6): 347-51.
  2. Dendrinos GK, Kontos S, Lyritsis E. Use of the Ilizarov technique for treatment of non-union of the tibia associated with infection. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1995; 77(6): 835-46.
  3. Jain AK, Sinha S. Infected nonunion of the long bones. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2005; (431): 57-65.
  4. Selhi HS, Mahindra P, Yamin M, Jain D, William Jr G, Singh J. Outcome in patients with an infected nonunion of the long bones treated with a reinforced antibiotic bone cement rod. J Orthop Trauma. 2012; 26(3): 184-8.
  5. Fitzgerald RH, Ruttle PE, Arnold PG, Kelly PJ, Irons GB. Local muscle flaps in the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1985; 67(2): 175-85.
  6. Lortat-Jacob A, Lelong P, Benoit J, Ramadier JO. Complimentary surgical procedures following treatment of non-union by the Papineau method (author's transl). Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot. 1980; 67(2): 115-2.
  7. Meleppuram JJ, Ibrahim S. Experience in fixation of infected non-union tibia by Ilizarov technique - a retrospective study of 42 cases. Rev Bras Ortop. 2017; 52(6): 670-5. doi: 10.1016/j.rboe.2016.11.008
  8. Paley D, Catagni MA, Argnani F, Villa A, Benedetti GB, Cattaneo R. Ilizarov treatment of tibial nonunions with bone loss. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1989; (241): 146-65.
  9. Inam M, Saeed M, Khan I, Durrani A, Satar A, Arif M. Outcome of ilizarov fixator in tibial non-union. J Pak Med Assoc. 2015; 65(11 Suppl 3): S94-9.
  10. Yin P, Zhang L, Li T, Zhang L, Wang G, Liu J, et al. Infected nonunion of tibia and femur treated by bone transport. J Orthop Surg Res. 2015; 10: 49.
  11. Magadum MP, Basavaraj Yadav CM, Phaneesha MS, Ramesh LJ. Acute compression and lengthening by the Ilizarov technique for infected nonunion of the tibia with large bone defects. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2006; 14(3): 273-9.
  12. Farmanullah, Khan MS, Awais SM. Evaluation of management of tibial non-union defect with Ilizarov fixator. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2007; 19(3): 34-6.
  13. Fleming B, Paley D, Kristiansen T, Pope M. A biomechanical analysis of the Ilizarov external fixator. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1989; (241): 95-105.
  14. Xu K, Fu X, Li YM, Wang CG, Li ZJ. A treatment for large defects of the tibia caused by infected nonunion: Ilizarov method with bone segment extension. Ir J Med Sci. 2014; 183(3): 423-8.
  15. Kindsfater K, Jonassen EA. Osteomyelitis in grade II and III open tibia fractures with late debridement. J Orthop Trauma.1995; 9(2): 121-7.
  16. Crowley DJ, Kanaakaris NK, Giannoudis PV. Irrigation of the wounds in open fractures. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2007; 89(5): 580-5.
  17. Ceroni D, Grumetz C, Desvachez O, Pusateri S, Dunand P, Samara E. From prevention of pin-tract infection to treatment of osteomyelitis during paediatric external fixation. J Child Orthop. 2016; 10(6): 605-12. doi: 10.1007/s11832-016-0787-8
  18. Kazmers NH, Fragomen AT, Rozbruch SR. Prevention of pin site infection in external fixation: a review of the literature. Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr. 2016; 11(2): 75-85.
  19. Peres LR, Marchitto RO, Pereira GS, Yoshino FS, de Castro Fernandes M, Matsumoto MH. Arthrotomy versus arthroscopy in the treatment of septic arthritis of the knee in adults: a randomized clinical trial. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2016; 24(10): 3155-62.

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The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

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