Modified Short Proximal Femoral Nail for Intertrochanteric Fractures of Femur in Indian Patients - our Experience
Introduction: Proximal femoral nail (PFN) is a commonly used implant for intertrochanteric fractures which is designed according to western femoral measurements. However, anthropometry of proximal femur in Indian and in general, Asian, are smaller. So a modified short PFN with smaller dimensions was developed. This study analyses the radiological and functional outcome of treatment of intertrochanteric fractures with modified short PFN.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective study analysed 120 adult patients operated between 2014-2017 using modified short PFN for intertrochanteric fractures, having a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Clinical and radiological parameters including tip-apex distance (TAD), position of tip of lag screw in femoral head, lateral slide of lag screw as well as length of anti-rotation screw were measured. Final functional outcome was assessed using Barthel’s index and Kyle’s criteria.
Results: Good reduction was achieved in 90.83% cases and 79.16% had ideal placement of lag screw in femoral head. Intra-operative difficulties were encountered in 13.33% (n=16). Mean TAD AP (anteroposterior) was 11.8mm, TAD LAT (lateral) was 11.0mm and mean TAD TOT was 22.8mm. Overall mean lateral slide was 3.20mm and it was more in unstable fracture. We had five mechanical failures, one patient with screw breakage without loss of reduction and two peri-implant fractures after union. 81.66% returned to pre-injury levels of activity with 88.33% good to excellent outcome as per Kyle’s criteria.
Conclusion: Although, not devoid of complications, modified short PFN results in good functional recovery of patients with intertrochanteric fractures of femur.
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