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Current Issue - November 2020, Volume 14, Issue No. 3

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

The Effect of Intra-carpal Kirschner Wire Augmentation in Screw Fixation of Scaphoid – A Retrospective Cohort Study


Introduction: Scaphoid fractures are most often treated with a single headless compression screw. However, intercarpal Kirschner wire (K-wire) might be added to improve stability and fracture outcomes. This study will determine if there is a difference in treatment outcome (union rate and time to union) between scaphoid fracture fixations using a single headless compression screw with and without augmentation using a intracarpal intramedullary K-wire.

Material and Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients who underwent surgery for isolated scaphoid fractures over a 15 years period from December 2000 to December 2015. Only patients who underwent open surgery with bone grafting were included. They were divided into a group treated with a single screw fixation, and another group treated with screw and K-wire fixations.

Results: Forty-four (58.7%) patients had single screw fixation and 31 (41.3%) had screw augmented with K-wire fixation. The overall union rate was 88.0%, with an overall mean time to union of 5.3 months. There was no difference in union rate (p=0.84) and time to union (p=0.66) between the single screw group and combined screw and K-wire group. Univariate analysis found that older age (t=-2.11, p=0.04) had a significant effect on union rate. Regression model showed that age had a significant effect on months to union.

Conclusion: In open fixation of scaphoid fractures with compression screw and bone grafting, union rate and time to union is comparable whether or not screw fixation was augmented with an intracarpal K-wire. There was no increased risk of complications associated with augmented screw. Age of patient affected time to union and union rate.

Abstract   |   Reference

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The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

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