Mortality Rate and Ten Years Survival of Elderly Patients Treated with Total Hip Arthroplasty for Femoral Neck Fractures
Introduction: Mortality following traumatic femoral neck fractures in the elderly (age >60 years) is influenced by many factors. Addressing some of them may reduce the mortality rate thus improving patient survival and quality of life.
Materials and Methods: This study was a retrospective research using data collected from Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah, Kedah between the years 2008-2018. We measured outcomes such as age, gender, hospital stay, default rate, ambulation post-surgery, American Society of Anaesthesiologists score (ASA) and surgical timing in correlation with mortality rate and 10-year survival of elderly patients treated with Total Hip Arthroplasty for femoral neck fractures in this centre.
Results: A total of 291 traumatic femoral neck fractures aged above 60 years post total hip arthroplasty performed were included. There was higher number of female (n =233) compared to male (n=53) Estimated 10 years survival from Kaplan Meier was 42.88% (95% CI: 33.15, 52.54). One year mortality rate in our study was found to be 18.9%. The average time to event was 7.1 years (95% CI:33.15, 52.24) with a mean age group of 75.
Discussion: Total hip arthroplasty patients not ambulating after surgery had a 4.2 times higher hazard ratio compared to ambulators. Those with pre-existing systemic disease (ASA III and IV) were found to have the highest hazard ratio, almost five times that of healthy patients, after adjusting for confounding factors. Delay of more than seven days to surgery was found to be a significant factor in 10-year survival with a hazard ratio of 3.8, compared to surgery performed earlier.
Conclusion: Delay of more than seven days to surgery in 10- year survival was also not significant. However, based upon the high hazard ratio, it is a predictor factor for survival in 10 years. A larger sample size with a prospective design is required to confirm our findings regarding “unacceptable surgical timing” for femoral neck fractures in patients above 60 years of age.
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