MOJ Header

Current Issue - July 2022, Volume 16, Issue No. 2

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Hip Geometry and Proximal Femoral Fractures among Elderly Filipino Women: A Single Centre Cross-Sectional Study


  1. Roche JJW, Wenn RT, Sahota O, Moran CG. Effect of comorbidities and postoperative complications on mortality after hip fracture in elderly people: prospective observational cohort study. 2005; 331(7529): 1374. doi: 10.1136/bmj.38643.663843.55
  2. Greenspan SL, Myers ER, Maitland LA, Kido TH, Krasnow MB, Hayes WC. Trochanteric bone mineral density is associated with type of hip fracture in the elderly. J Bone Miner Res. 1994; 9(12): 1889-94. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.5650091208
  3. Lyles KW, Schenck AP, Colón-Emeric CS. Hip and other osteoporotic fractures increase the risk of subsequent fractures in nursing home residents. Osteoporos Int. 2008; 19(8): 1225-33. doi: 10.1007/s00198-008-0569-3
  4. Dela Rosa MT, Bonifacio L, Canete AC. The prevalence assessment of fragility fractures in the Philippines. J Asean Orthop Assoc. 2008; 19: 35-8.
  5. Li-Yu J. National Nutrition Health Survey (NNHES) 2003: Prevalence of osteoporosis and fractures among Filipino adults. Phil J Int Med. 2007; 45: 57-63.
  6. Bouxsein ML, Szulc P, Munoz F, Thrall E, Sornay-Rendu E, Delmas PD. Contribution of trochanteric soft tissues to fall force estimates, the factor of risk, and prediction of hip fracture risk. J Bone Miner Res. 2007; 22(6): 825-31. doi: 10.1359/jbmr.070309
  7. Gnudi S, Ripamonti C, Lisi L, Fini M, Giardino R, Giavaresi G. Proximal femur geometry to detect and distinguish femoral neck fractures from trochanteric fractures in postmenopausal women. Osteoporos Int. 2002; 13(1): 69-73. doi: 10.1007/s198-002-8340-2
  8. Gregory JS, Aspden RM. Femoral geometry as a risk factor for osteoporotic hip fracture in men and women. Med Eng Phys. 2008; 30(10): 1275-86. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2008.09.002
  9. Peacock M, Turner CH, Liu G, Manatunga AK, Timmerman L, Johnston CC Jr. Better discrimination of hip fracture using bone density, geometry and architecture. Osteoporos Int. 1995; 5(3): 167-73. doi: 10.1007/BF02106096
  10. Qureshi AM, McGuigan FE, Seymour DG, Hutchison JD, Reid DM, Ralston SH. Association between COLIA1 Sp1 alleles and femoral neck geometry. Calcif Tissue Int. 2001; 69(2): 67-72. doi: 10.1007/s002230010037
  11. Cheng XG, Lowet G, Boonen S, Nicholson PHF, Brys P, et al. Assessment of the strength of proximal femur in vitro: relationship to femoral bone mineral density and femoral geometry. 1997; 20(3): 213-8. doi: 10.1016/s8756-3282(96)00383-3
  12. Xu H, Zhou Y, Liu Q, Tang Q, Yin J. Femoral morphologic differences in subtypes of high developmental dislocation of the hip. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2010; 468(12): 3371-6. doi: 10.1007/s11999-010-1386-5
  13. Cummings SR, Nevitt MC. A hypothesis: the causes of hip fractures. J Gerontol. 1989; 44(4): M107-11. doi: 10.1093/geronj/44.4.m107
  14. Suntay JJ. Predicting the femoral head size by height and weight correlation: A preliminary report. Acta Medica Philippina.1989; 25(4), 155-7.
  15. Mariano A, Geronilla MB, Montalban AM, Reyes PM. Radiographic spinal measurements among Filipinos. Acta Med Philipp.
  16. Guloy II, Apolinario NM. Composite model of the proximal femur of 15 adult Filipinos. Acta Med Philipp.1991;27(4):281-91.
  17. Guloy II, Apolinario NM. Average measurements and correlation analysis of the adult Filipino Femur. Philipp J Orthop.1990; 9(1): 5-12.
  18. Partanen J, Jamsa T, Jalovaara P. Influence of the upper femur and pelvic geometry on the risk and type of hip fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2001; 16(8): 1540-6. doi: 10.1359/jbmr.2001.16.8.1540
  19. Long BW, Curtis T, Smith BJ. Merrill's atlas of radiographic positioning and procedures. 13th St. Louis, Mo: Mosby/Elsevier; 2016. V1: p. 337-9.
  20. Conn KS, Clarke MT, Hallett JP. A simple guide to determine the magnification of radiographs and to improve the accuracy of preoperative templating. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2002; 84(2): 269-72. doi: 10.1302/0301-620x.84b2.12599
  21. Fajar JK, Taufan T, Syarif M, Azharuddin A. Hip geometry and femoral neck fractures: A meta-analysis. J Orthop Translat. 2018; 13: 1-6. doi: 10.1016/
  22. Michelotti J, Clark J. Femoral neck length and hip fracture risk. J Bone Miner Res. 1999; 14(10): 1714-20. doi: 10.1359/jbmr.1999.14.10.1714
  23. Johannesdottir F, Poole KE, Reeve J, Siggeirsdottir K, Aspelund T, Mogensen B, et al. Distribution of cortical bone in the femoral neck and hip fracture: a prospective case-control analysis of 143 incident hip fractures; the AGES-REYKJAVIK Study. 2011; 48(6): 1268-76. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2011.03.776
  24. Gnudi S, Sitta E, Pignotti E. Prediction of incident hip fracture by femoral neck bone mineral density and neck-shaft angle: a5- year longitudinal study in post-menopausal females. Br J Radiol. 2012; 85(1016): e467-73. doi: 10.1259/bjr/57130600
  25. Im GI, Lim MJ. Proximal hip geometry and hip fracture risk assessment in a Korean population. Osteoporos Int. 2011; 22(3): 803-7. doi: 10.1007/s00198-010-1301-7
  26. Wang Q, Teo JW, Ghasem-Zadeh A, Seeman E. Women and men with hip fractures have a longer femoral neck moment arm and greater impact load in a sideways fall. Osteoporos Int. 2009; 20(7): 1151-6. doi: 10.1007/s00198-008-0768-y
  27. Hu ZS, Liu XL, Zhang YZ. Comparison of Proximal Femoral Geometry and Risk Factors between Femoral Neck Fractures and Femoral Intertrochanteric Fractures in an Elderly Chinese Population. Chin Med J (Engl). 2018; 131(21): 2524-30. doi: 10.4103/0366-6999.244118
  28. Kazemi SM, Qoreishy M, Keipourfard A, Sajjadi MM, Shokraneh S. Effects of Hip Geometry on Fracture Patterns of Proximal Femur. Arch Bone Jt Surg. 2016; 4(3): 248-52.
  29. Yang RS, Wang SS, Liu TK. Proximal femoral dimension in elderly Chinese women with hip fractures in Taiwan. Osteoporos Int. 1999; 10(2): 109-13. doi: 10.1007/s001980050203
  30. Li Y, Lin J, Cai S, Yan L, Pan Y, Yao X, et al. Influence of bone mineral density and hip geometry on the different types of hip fracture. Bosn J Basic Med Sci. 2016; 16(1): 35-8. doi: 10.17305/bjbms.2016.638
  31. Cheng XG, Lowet G, Boonen S, Nicholson PH, Brys P, Nijs J, et al. Assessment of the strength of proximal femur in vitro: relationship to femoral bone mineral density and femoral geometry. 1997; 20(3): 213-8. doi: 10.1016/s8756- 3282(96)00383-3
  32. Gnudi S, Malavolta N, Testi D, Viceconti M. Differences in proximal femur geometry distinguish vertebral from femoral neck fractures in osteoporotic women. Br J Radiol. 2004; 77(915): 219-23. doi: 10.1259/bjr/79551075

Abstract   |   Reference

MOJ footer

About Us

The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

Keep in Touch

creative-commons License