Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal

Instruction to Authors

The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal (MOJ) is the official publication of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association (MOA) and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association (AOA). It is a peer- reviewed journal that publishes review articles, original papers, case reports, letters to editor and special articles. Articles are published in print and online. They are citable with the digital object identifier number (DOI).


Though the Journal has been compiled with great care, the Journal disclaims any duty to investigate any information, procedures, design and the like which may have been described in the Journal. The appearance of any information in this Journal does not guarantee the publication is free from errors and the opinion and statements expressed are not necessarily endorsed by the Journal.

Open Access

MOJ is an open access journal (green model), and articles are published under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License-Non Commercial-No Derivs (CC-BY-NC-ND) that allows unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the authors are properly acknowledged and cited. Readers can download, copy, print, search and distribute the published articles. Material can also be used for linking, indexing or any other lawful purposes. ( )

Submitting Articles

The author will need to register with the online submission system and provide information including author name, academic degree, institution / affiliation, and email contact. Starting July 2015 issue, author names will be published as [Family/Surname/Last name] followed by initials of [Given/First name].

The article must original, has not been previously published either in printed or electronic form (except as an abstract or oral presentation), and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

MOJ adheres to the guidelines on authorship outlined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals. Authors should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content of the article published.(

Form for Disclosure

Corresponding author must submit the ICMJE Uniform Disclosure Form for Potential Conflicts of Interest for the submission. Authors can access the interactive PDF form at the link below, complete the form electronically, and save before submitting. (coi disclosure)


  • To recognize those who contributed to the study but Not justified to be an author.
  • To state the grant awarded for the study (include grant number and name of institution / organization).

Format of Manuscript General

The manuscript should be prepared using size 12 point fond Times New Roman throughout (including abstracts, references, tables and illustrations). Other than the main section headings, subheadings are not recommended. The text should be “left hand” justified only. All pages should be numbered on the top right corner.

Measurement should use SI units. Spell out “one” to “ten” at the beginning of a sentence, and “one” at all times. Arabic numerals should be used otherwise. Each of the following manuscript components should begin with a new page.

Generic names of drugs should be used. For specific implants, instruments and devices, the manufacturer, city, and country should be provided in square brackets.

Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain written permission from the copyright owner. Evidence that such permission has been granted must be submitted together with the manuscript.


  • Should consist not more than 150 words.
  • Both structured and unstructured abstracts can be accepted.
  • For original articles, result and conclusion should be included.
  • Below the abstract, provide not more than 5 keywords or short phrases to assist in cross indexing of the article.


  • Provide only relevant information and references
  • Do not review the subject extensively.
  • Do not include results or conclusion of the study.
  • State the purpose of the study clearly.

Material and method

  • Specify the selection of subjects or study groups clearly.
  • Describe the methods, apparatus (including manufacturer’s name in parenthesis) and procedures in sufficient detail to allow others to reproduce the study.
  • Provide reference to established methods, brief descriptions for methods that are not well-known.
  • Describe new or substantially modified methods, giving reasons for using them and evaluate their limitations
  • Describe the chemicals and drugs used (including generic names, dosages and routes of administration).
  • Describe statistical methods used with adequate details to enable a knowledgeable reader to verify the reported results.
  • Ethics:
    • When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983.
    • Do not use patients’ names, initials, or hospital numbers, especially in illustrative material.

    When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or a national research council’s guide for, or any national law on, the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.