Instructions for Authors
A: General Format of Manuscript
Our journal online submission program will guide you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The system will convert your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process.
The manuscript should be prepared using size 12-point font Times New Roman throughout (including abstracts, references, tables and illustrations). The text should be “left hand” justified only. Measurement should use SI units. Spell out “one” to “ten” at the beginning of a sentence, and “one” at all times. Arabic numerals should be used otherwise. Generic names of drugs should be used. For specific implants, instruments and devices, the manufacturer, city, and country should be provided in square brackets. Describe the chemicals and drugs used (including generic names, dosages and routes of administration).
All pages should be numbered on the top right corner. Each of the main section headings should begin with a new page. Other than the main section headings, subheadings are not recommended. Avoid presenting the main content of the study or report in “note form” (using bullets or numerals), except in title page, references, and listing legends for illustrations.
A1: Title page
Title page should be submitted as a separate file. All the authors will need to provide their highest academic qualifications, affiliations, and email addresses. We will contact all authors by email to confirm their participation in the study / report before we proceed with the editing process. Starting from the July 2015 issue, author's names will be published as [Family/Surname/Last name] followed by initials of [Given/First name].
- Should consist not more than 250 words.
- Both structured and unstructured abstracts are acceptable.
- For original articles, result and conclusion should be included.
- Below the abstract, provide not more than 5 keywords or short phrases to assist in cross indexing of the article.
- Provide only relevant information and references
- Do not review the subject extensively.
- Do not include results or conclusion of the study.
- State the purpose of the study clearly.
A4: Material and method
- Specify the selection of subjects or study groups clearly.
- Describe the methods, apparatus (including manufacturer’s name in parenthesis) and procedures in sufficient detail to allow others to reproduce the study.
- Provide reference to established methods, brief descriptions for methods that are not well-known.
- Describe new or substantially modified methods, giving reasons for using them and evaluate their limitations
- Describe statistical methods used with adequate details to enable a knowledgeable reader to verify the reported results.
- Although institutional ethical committee/ review board) approval is not required for publication, authors should indicate whether such an approval has been procured.
- When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983.
- When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or a national research council’s guide for, or any national law on, the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.
- Use of artificial intelligence (AI)-assisted technology must be clearly described (including the name of the model or tool, version and extension number, and manufacturer). Author must ensure that the material generated by these tools is genuine and original. Otherwise, accurate and appropriate attribution must be provided.
- Present the important findings in a logical sequence.
- The results can be supplemented with tables or illustrations.
- Do not repeat all the data contained in the tables or illustrations. Emphasize only the important observations.
- Do not attach / embed any illustrations onto the text file.
- Emphasize only important findings, their implications and limitations.
- Avoid repeating in detail data provided in the results and introduction.
- Relate the observations to other relevant studies.
- Avoid statements that are not completely supported by results of the study.
- Whenever recommendations for treatment are made, the patients groups and applicable conditions must be carefully defined.
- Link conclusions to the aim(s) of study
- All conclusions must be supported by the results of the study
- Avoid claiming priority to work that has not been completed.
- Number references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text, tables or illustrations.
- Present references in Vancouver style. References in the text should be cited each by a reference number in ‘Arabic numerals’ in square brackets e.g.  or [2-3]
- List the first 6 authors followed by “et al”.
- Journal titles should be abbreviated in accordance with Index Medicus.
- Authors are responsible for the accuracy of references and must verify them against original documents.
- To recognize those who contributed to the study but Not justified to be an author.
- To state the grant awarded for the study (include grant number and name of institution / organization).
- Use of AI-assisted technologies in the conduct of study or preparation of paper must be reported.