The Relation between the Radial Collapse and the Number of Metaphyseal Screws for Distal Radius Fractures
Introduction: The purpose of this study is the evaluation of radial collapse, based on the number of screws used in the metaphyseal region and by distal dorsal distance (DDD) and lunate facet distance (LFD) measurement.
Materials and methods: Between 2015 and 2019, 60 patients who were being treated with volar locking plates due to isolated distal radius fracture were evaluated. Control radiographs were taken on the first day and at 3rd-, 6th- and 12th-month follow-ups. Distal dorsal cortex distance and lunate facet distance were measured in the lateral radiographs. The number of screws used in the metaphyseal region was also evaluated. According to the number of screws, the amount of collapse was analysed based on both the LFD and the DDD.
Results: The mean age of patients was 43.5±12.7 years. Thirty-three of the patients included in the study were male and 27 were female, and the minimum follow-up period was one year. According to the mean number of screws, groups were defined as up to 6 screws or 7 screws and above. There was a statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of DDD collapse at the 6th-month and 12th-month follow-ups (p<0.005). It was observed that the radial collapse and decrease in DDD and LFD were lower in plates with seven screws and above.
Conclusion: Decreases in either DDD or LFD, or radial collapse were observed less in patients who had seven or more metaphyseal screws inserted. These findings might be useful for surgeons treating distal radius fractures to reduce radial collapse.
Abstract | Reference