Manipulation under Anaesthesia for Patient Reported Stiffness after Total Knee Arthroplasty in an Asian Population
Introduction: Stiffness after Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is a complication that decreases patient satisfaction. Patients in an Asian population have potentially different requirements of knee range of motion. The authors have encountered patients who complain of subjective stiffness post TKA who do not have a severely restricting range of motion (ROM). Some patients have persistent subjective stiffness and undergone Manipulation Under Anaesthesia (MUA). We look at their functional outcomes post MUA.
Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study, including 48 patients from a single institution who underwent MUA for stiffness, separated into objective and subjective knee stiffness. Patients with subjective knee stiffness who underwent MUA had failed conservative management. ROM, Oxford Knee Scores (OKS), Knee Society Scores (KSS) and Short Form 36 (SF36) scores were compared at two years post MUA.
Results: The demographics of the two patient groups were similar. The time interval between index TKA and MUA was higher in the subjective knee stiffness group. Pre-MUA OKS, KS Function Score, KSS and SF36 scores were similar in both patient subgroups. There was no significant difference in the OKS, KSS or SF36 at two year follow-up. The proportion of patients in each group who achieved the Minimum Clinically Important Difference (MCID) improvement in the scores was also similar.
Conclusions: Patients with subjective knee stiffness can achieve similar functional outcome improvements in Oxford and Knee Society Scores with MUA at two years follow-up.
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