MOJ Header

November 2021, Volume 15, Issue No. 3

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Measurement of the Radial Nerve Danger Zone in Filipino Adults: A Cadaveric Study


  1. Moore KL, Dalley AF, Agur AMR. Clinically Oriented Anatomy. 7th ed. Pennsylvania: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2014. 1134 p.
  2. Ljungquist KL, Martineau P, Allan C. Radial nerve injuries. J Hand Surg Am. 2015; 40(1): 166-72. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.05.010
  3. Rocchi M, Tarallo L, Mugnai R, Adani R. Humerus shaft fracture complicated by radial nerve palsy: is surgical exploration necessary? Musculoskelet Surg. 2016; 100(Suppl 1): 53-60. doi: 10.1007/s12306-016-0414-3
  4. Jain RK, Champawat VS, Mandlecha P. Danger zone of radial nerve in Indian population - a cadaveric study. J Clin Orthop Trauma. 2019; 10(3): 531-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jcot.2018.02.006
  5. Bumbasirevic M, Palibrk T, Lesic A, Atkinson H. Radial nerve palsy. EFORT Open Rev. 2017; 1(8): 286-94. doi: 10.1302/2058-5241.1.000028
  6. Paterson AJ, Wiid AY, Navsa N, Bosman MC. The safe zone for placement of external fixation on the distal humerus: a cadaveric study. Orthop Proc. 2018; 96-B: SUPP_19. doi: 10.1302/1358-992X.96BSUPP_19.SAOA2014-052
  7. Chou PH, Shyu JF, Ma HL, Wang ST, Chen TH. Courses of the radial nerve differ between Chinese and Caucasians: clinical applications. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008; 466(1): 135-8. doi: 10.1007/s11999-007-0019-0
  8. Reichert P, Wnukiewicz W, Witkowski J, Bochenska A, Mizia S, Gosk J, et al. Causes of secondary radial nerve palsy and results of treatment. Med Sci Monit. 2016; 22: 554-62. doi: 10.12659/MSM.897170
  9. Fleming P, Lenehan B, Sankar R, Folan-Curran J, Curtin W. One-third, two-thirds: relationship of the radial nerve to the lateral intermuscular septum in the arm. Clin Anat. 2004; 17(1): 26-9. doi: 10.1002/ca.10181
  10. Philippine Health Research Ethics Board. National Ethical Guidelines for Health and Health-Related Research 2017. 2018. (accessed on 15 October 2020)
  11. Stata/IC version 14.2. College Station, Texas, United States of America: StataCorp LLC; 2016. (accessed on 1 August 2020)
  12. Artico M, Telera S, Tiengo C, Stecco C, Macchi V, Porzionato A, et al. Surgical anatomy of the radial nerve at the elbow. Surg Radiol Anat. 2009; 31(2): 101-6. doi: 10.1007/s00276-008-0412-8
  13. Carlan D, Pratt J, Patterson JM, Weiland AJ, Boyer MI, Gelberman RH. The radial nerve in the brachum: an anatomic study in human cadavers. J Hand Surg Am. 2007; 32(8): 1177-82. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2006.07.001
  14. Gerwin M, Hotchkiss RN, Weiland AJ. Alternative operative exposures of the posterior aspect of the humeral diaphysis with reference to the radial nerve. J Bone Joint Surg. 1996; 78(11): 1690-5. doi: 10.2106/00004623-199611000-00008
  15. Guse TR, Ostrum RF. The surgical anatomy of the radial nerve around the humerus. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1995; (320): 149-53.
  16. Bono CM, Grossman MG, Hochwald N, Tornetta P 3rd. Radial and axillary nerves. Anatomic considerations for humeral fixation. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2000; (373): 259-64.
  17. Simone JP, Streubel PN, Sánchez-Sotelo J, Steinmann SP, Adams JE. Fingerbreadths rule in determining the safe zone of the radial nerve and posterior interosseous nerve for a lateral elbow approach: an anatomic study. J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev. 2019; 3(2): e005. doi: 10.5435/JAAOSGlobal-D-19-00005
  18. Trigo L, Sarasquete J, Noguera L, Proubasta I, Lamas C. Radial nerve injury following elbow external fixator: report of three cases and literature review. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2017; 137(7): 953-7. doi: 10.1007/s00402-017-2711-1
  19. Tomaino MM, Sotereanos DG, Westkaemper J, Plakseychuk A. Posterior interosseous nerve palsy following placement of the compass elbow hinge for acute instability: a case report. J Hand Surg Am. 1999; 24(3): 554-60. doi: 10.1053/jhsu.1999.0554
  20. Fox RJ, Varitimidis SE, Plakseychuk A, Vardakas DG, Tomaino MM, Sotereanos DG. The Compass Elbow Hinge: indications and initial results. J Hand Surg Br. 2000; 25(6): 568-72. doi: 10.1054/jhsb.2000.0425
  21. Baumann G, Nagy L, Jost B. Radial nerve disruption following application of a hinged elbow external fixator: a report of three cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011; 93(10): e51. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.J.00436
  22. Ring D, Bruinsma WE, Jupiter JB. Complications of hinged external fixation compared with cross-pinning of the elbow for acute and subacute instability. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2014; 472(7): 2044-8. doi: 10.1007/s11999-014-3510-4
  23. Poglia P, Wehrli L, Steinmetz S, Zermatten P. Radial nerve palsy after the use of an adjuvant hinged external fixator in a complex fracture-dislocation of the elbow: a case report and review of the literature. J Med Case Rep. 2016; 10(1): 121. doi: 10.1186/s13256-016-0904-9
  24. Schwab TR, Stillhard PF, Schibli S, Furrer M, Sommer C. Radial nerve palsy in humeral shaft fractures with internal fixation: analysis of management and outcome. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2018; 44(2): 235-43. doi: 10.1007/s00068-017-0775-9

Abstract   |   Reference

MOJ footer

About Us

The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

Keep in Touch

creative-commons License