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November 2021, Volume 15, Issue No. 3

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Predicting Quadruple Semitendinosus Graft Size for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction by Patient Anthropometric Variables: A Cohort Study of 280 Cases


  1. Sajovic M, Vengust V, Komadina R, Tavcar R, Skaza K. A prospective, randomized comparison of semitendinosus and gracilis tendon versus patellar tendon autografts for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: five-year follow-up. Am J Sports Med. 2006; 34(12): 1933-40. doi: 10.1177/0363546506290726
  2. Keays SL, Bullock-Saxton JE, Keays AC, Newcombe PA, Bullock MI. A 6-year follow-up of the effect of graft site on strength, stability, range of motion, function, and joint degeneration after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: patellar tendon versus semitendinosus and Gracilis tendon graft. Am J Sports Med. 2007; 35(5): 729-39. doi: 10.1177/0363546506298277
  3. Laxdal G, Kartus J, Hansson L, Heidvall M, Ejerhed L, Karlsson J. A prospective randomized comparison of bone-patellar tendon-bone and hamstring grafts for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. 2005; 21(1): 34-42. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2004.09.014
  4. Reboonlap N, Nakornchai C, Charakorn K. Correlation between the length of gracilis and semitendinosus tendon and physical parameters in Thai males. J Med Assoc Thai. 2012; 95 Suppl 10: S142-6.
  5. Magnussen RA, Lawrence JT, West RL, Toth AP, Taylor DC, Garrett WE. Graft size and patient age are predictors of early revision after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring autograft. 2012; 28(4): 526-31. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2011.11.024 6.
  6. Mariscalco MW, Flanigan DC, Mitchell J, Pedroza AD, Jones MH, Andrish JT, et al. The influence of hamstring autograft size on patient-reported outcomes and risk of revision after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a Multicenter Orthopaedic Outcomes Network (MOON) Cohort Study. 2013; 29(12): 1948-53. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2013.08.025
  7. Goyal S, Matias N, Pandey V, Acharya K. Are pre-operative anthropometric parameters helpful in predicting length and thickness of quadrupled hamstring graft for ACL reconstruction in adults? A prospective study and literature review. Int Orthop. 2016; 40(1): 173-81. doi: 10.1007/s00264-015-2818-3
  8. Tuman JM, Diduch DR, Rubino LJ, Baumfeld JA, Nguyen HS, Hart JM. Predictors for hamstring graft diameter in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am J Sports Med. 2007; 35(11): 1945-9. doi: 10.1177/0363546507304667
  9. Treme G, Diduch DR, Billante MJ, Miller MD, Hart JM. Hamstring graft size prediction: a prospective clinical evaluation. Am J Sports Med. 2008; 36(11): 2204-9. doi: 10.1177/0363546508319901
  10. Schwartzberg R, Burkhart B, Lariviere C. Prediction of hamstring tendon autograft diameter and length for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2008; 37(3): 157-9.
  11. Boisvert CB, Aubin ME, DeAngelis N. Relationship between anthropometric measurements and hamstring autograft diameter in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2011; 40(6): 293-5.
  12. Celiktas M, Golpinar A, Kose O, Sutoluk Z, Celebi K, Sarpel Y. Prediction of the quadruple hamstring autograft thickness in ACL reconstruction using anthropometric measures. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2013; 47(1): 14-8. doi: 10.3944/aott.2013.2814
  13. Gupta R, Malhotra A, Masih GD, Khanna T. Equation-based precise prediction of length of hamstring tendons and quadrupled graft diameter by various anthropometric variables for knee ligament reconstruction in Indian population. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2017; 25(1): 2309499017690997. doi: 10.1177/2309499017690997
  14. Ma CB, Keifa E, Dunn W, Fu FH, Harner CD. Can pre-operative measures predict quadruple hamstring graft diameter? 2010; 17(1): 81-3. doi: 10.1016/j.knee.2009.06.005
  15. Pinheiro LF Jr, de Andrade MA, Teixeira LE, Bicalho LA, Lemos WG, Azeredo SA, et al. Intra-operative four-stranded hamstring tendon graft diameter evaluation. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2011; 19(5): 811-5. doi: 10.1007/s00167-010- 1387-7
  16. Chen L, Cooley V, Rosenberg T. ACL reconstruction with hamstring tendon. Orthop Clin North Am. 2003; 34(1): 9-18. doi: 10.1016/s0030-5898(02)00016-0
  17. Gobbi A, Domzalski M, Pascual J, Zanazzo M. Hamstring anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: is it necessary to sacrifice the gracilis? 2005; 21(3): 275-80. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2004.10.016
  18. Park SY, Oh H, Park S, Lee JH, Lee SH, Yoon KH. Factors predicting hamstring tendon auto graft diameters and resulting failure rates after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2013; 21(5): 1111-8. doi: 10.1007/s00167-012-2085-4

Abstract   |   Reference

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The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

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