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Current Issue - November 2015, Volume 9, Issue No. 3

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

The Use of Passive Straight Leg Raising Test: A Survey of Clinicians


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  2. Konstantinou K, Dun KM: Sciatica: review of epidemiological studies and prevalence estimates. Spine 2008; 33: 2464-72.
  3. Vroomen PCAJ, de Krom MCTFM, Wilmink JT, Kester ADM, Knottnerus JA: Diagnostic value of history and physical examination in patients suspected of lumbosacral nerve root compression. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2002; 72: 630-4.
  4. van der Windt DA, Simons E, Riphagen ll, Ammendolia C, Verhagen AP, Laslett M, et al. Physical examination for lumbar radiculopathy due to disc herniation in patients with low back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010.doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007431.pub2. Issue 2, Art No.: CD007431.
  5. Kleinfield SL, Daniel D, Ndetan H: Faculty perception of clinical value of five commonly used orthopaedic tests. J Chiropr Educ 2011; 25: 164-8.
  6. van den Hoogen HJM, Koes BW, Deville W, van Eijk JTM, Bouter LM: The inter-observer reproducibility of Lasegue’s sign in patients with low back pain  in general practice. Br J Gen Prac 1996; 46: 727-30.
  7. Rebain R, Baxter GD, McDonnough S: A systematic review of the passive straight leg raising test as a diagnostic aid for low back pain (1989 to 2000). Spine 2002; 27: E388-E395.
  8. Rebain R, Baxter GD, McDonnough S: The passive straight leg raising test in the diagnosis and treatment of lumbar disc herniation: A survey of United Kingdom Osteopathic opinion and clinical practice. Spine 2003; 28: 1717-24.
  9. Urban LM: The straight-leg-raising test: A review. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1981; 2: 117-33.
  10. Iversen T, Solberg TK, Romner B, Wilsgaard T, Nygaard Ø, Waterloo K et al. Accuracy of physical examination for chronic lumbar radiculopathy. BMC  Musculoskeletal Disorders 2013; 14: 206.
  11. Leeflang MM, Rutjes AW, Reitsma JB, Hooft L, Bossuyt PM: Variation of a test’s sensitivity and specificity with disease prevalence. CMAJ 2013; 185: E537-44.
  12. Deville WL, van der Windt DA, Dzaferagic A, Bezemer PD, Bouter LM: The test of Lasegue: systematic review of the accuracy in diagnosing herniated discs. Spine 2000; 25: 1140-7.
  13. Scaia V, Baxter D, Cook C: The pain provocation-based straight leg raise test for diagnosis of lumbar disc herniation, lumbar radiculopathy, and / or sciatica: a systematic review of clinical utility. J Back Musculoskeletal Rehabil 2012; 25: 215-23.
  14. Boyd BS, Villa PS: Normal inter-limb differences during the straight leg raise neurodynamic test; a cross sectional study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 201; 13: 245.
  15. Majlesi J, Togay H, Unalan H, Toprak S: The sensitivity of the slump and the Straight leg Raising tests in patients with lumbar disc herniation. J Clin Rheumatol 2008; 14: 87-91.
  16. Walsh J, Hall T: Agreement and correlation between the straight leg raise and slump tests in subjects with leg pain. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2009; 32: 184-92.
  17. Rabin A, Gerszten PC, Karausky P, Bunker CH, Potter DM, Welch WC. The sensitivity of the seated straight-leg raise test compared with the supine  straight-leg raise test in patients presenting with magnetic resonance imaging evidence of lumbar nerve root compression. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2007; 88: 840-3.
  18. Capra F, Vanti C, Donati R, Tombetti S, O'Reilly C, Pillastrini P. Validity of the straight-leg raise test for patients with sciatic pain with or without lumbar pain using magnetic resonance imaging results as a reference standard. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2011; 34: 231-8.
  19. Boden SD, Davis DO, Dina TS, Patronas NJ, Wiesel SW. Abnormal magnetic –resonance scans of the lumbar spine in asymptomatic subjects. A prospective investigation. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1990; 72: 403-8.
  20. Li ALK, Yen D: Effect of increased MRI and CT scan utilization on clinical decision-making in patients referred to a surgical clinic for back pain. Can J  Surg 2011; 54: 128-32.

Abstract   |   Reference

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The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

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