Clubfoot Deformity Treatment with Ilizarov Apparatus in the Paediatric Population without Corrective Osteotomies and Soft Tissue Release: A Cross-Sectional Study
Introduction: Neglected Club Foot deformity is not an uncommon limb anomaly encountered by orthopaedic surgeons. Many treatment methods have been proposed. Ilizarov apparatus is one of the techniques used to correct this deformity.
Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study 47 patients (56 feet) between the ages of 5 and 10 years with clubfoot deformity were treated using the Ilizarov external fixator. Age, sex, type of deformity, and radiographic parameters were measured on foot radiographs. Also, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score and the Dimeglio classification were recorded for each patient before and after treatment.
Results: The treatment was unilateral in 38 patients and bilateral in 9 patients. 39 patients (69.6%) were male, and 17 patients (30.4%) were female with a mean age of 7.86 ± 1.4 years. Plantar angles of ankle flexion and ankle flexion curve increased from 20.12±6.52 and -16.51±8.36 to 25.89±6.44 and 6.19±6.42, respectively. There was also an improvement in the talocalcaneal and tibiocalcaneal angles. Also, the angle between the first metatarsus and the talus in the front and side views improved (P<0.00). Additionally, the mean AOFAS score and Dimeglio classification significantly improved. Three cases were complicated with distal tibial physeal separation that were treated with additional open surgeries.
Conclusion: Ilizarov technique without osteotomies and soft tissue release could be considered a less invasive and successful method of treatment for neglected clubfoot deformity in patient five to ten years old that are not good candidate for Ponseti method.
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