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Current Issue - November 2023, Volume 17, Issue No. 3

Official Journal of Malaysian Orthopaedic Association and ASEAN Orthopaedic Association

Clubfoot Deformity Treatment with Ilizarov Apparatus in the Paediatric Population without Corrective Osteotomies and Soft Tissue Release: A Cross-Sectional Study


  1. Anand A, Sala DA. Clubfoot: etiology and treatment. Indian J Orthop. 2008; 42(1): 22-8. doi: 10.4103/0019-5413.38576
  2. Chotigavanichaya C, Wongchareonwatana J, Saelim C, Ariyawatkul T, Kaewpornsawan K, Eamsobhana P. Comparison of ponseti method versus surgical treatment in congenital idiopathic clubfoot: A 5-year follow up study. Int J Orthop Sci. 2009; 5(3), 666-9. doi: 10.22271/ortho.2019.v5.i3l.1610
  3. Dobbs MB, Gurnett CA. Update on clubfoot: etiology and treatment. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2009; 467(5): 1146-53. doi: 10.1007/s11999-009-0734-9
  4. Choi IH, Yang MS, Chung CY, Cho TJ, Sohn YJ. The treatment of recurrent arthrogrypotic club foot in children by the Ilizarov method. A preliminary report. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2001; 83(5): 731-7. doi: 10.1302/0301-620x.83b5.11019
  5. Rastogi A, Agarwal A. Long-term outcomes of the Ponseti method for treatment of clubfoot: a systematic review. Int Orthop. 2021; 45(10): 2599-608. doi: 10.1007/s00264-021-05189-w
  6. Penny JN. The Neglected Clubfoot. Tech Orthop. 2005; 20(2): 153-66. doi: 10.1097/01.bto.0000162987.08300.5e
  7. Mehtani A, Prakash J, Vijay V, Kumar N, Sinha A. Modified Ponseti technique for management of neglected clubfeet. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2018; 27(1): 61-6. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000450
  8. Liu YB, Li SJ, Zhao L, Yu B, Zhao DH. Timing for Ponseti clubfoot management: does the age matter? 90 children (131 feet) with a mean follow-up of 5 years. Acta Orthop. 2018; 89(6): 662-7. doi: 10.1080/17453674.2018.1526534
  9. de la Huerta F. Correction of the neglected clubfoot by the Ilizarov method. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1994; (301): 89-93.
  10. Hosny GA. Correction of foot deformities by the Ilizarov method without corrective osteotomies or soft tissue release. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2002; 11(2): 121-8. doi: 10.1097/00009957-200204000-00007
  11. Bradish CF, Noor S. The Ilizarov method in the management of relapsed club feet. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2000; 82(3): 387-91. doi: 10.1302/0301-620x.82b3.9689
  12. Spiegelberg B, Parratt T, Dheerendra SK, Khan WS, Jennings R, Marsh DR. Ilizarov principles of deformity correction. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2010; 92(2): 101-5. doi: 10.1308/003588410X12518836439326
  13. Gessmann J, Jettkant B, Schildhauer TA, Seybold D. Mechanical stress on tensioned wires at direct and indirect loading: a biomechanical study on the Ilizarov external fixator. Injury. 2011; 42(10): 1107-11. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2011.02.001
  14. Zimmerman CC, Nemeth BA, Noonan KJ, Vanderbilt TP, Winston MJ, O'Halloran CP, et al. Reliability of radiographic measures in infants with clubfoot treated with the Ponseti method. J Child Orthop. 2015; 9(2): 99-104. doi: 10.1007/s11832-015-0647-y
  15. Khanfour AA. Ilizarov techniques with limited adjunctive surgical procedures for the treatment of preadolescent recurrent or neglected clubfeet. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2013; 22(3): 240-8. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0b013e32835f1f99
  16. Ferreira RC, Costa MT, Frizzo GG, Santin RA. Correction of severe recurrent clubfoot using a simplified setting of the Ilizarov device. Foot Ankle Int. 2007; 28(5): 557-68. doi: 10.3113/FAI.2007.0557
  17. Kocao─člu M, Eralp L, Atalar AC, Bilen FE. Correction of complex foot deformities using the Ilizarov external fixator. J Foot Ankle Surg. 2002; 41(1): 30-9. doi: 10.1016/s1067-2516(02)80007-2
  18. Refai MA, Song SH, Song HR. Does short-term application of an Ilizarov frame with transfixion pins correct relapsed clubfoot in children? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2012; 470(7): 1992-9. doi: 10.1007/s11999-012-2289-4
  19. Nunn TR, Etsub M, Tilahun T, Gardner ROE, Allgar V, Wainwright AM, et al. Development and validation of a delayed presenting clubfoot score to predict the response to Ponseti casting for children aged 2-10. Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr. 2018; 13(3): 171-7. doi: 10.1007/s11751-018-0324-z

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The Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal is a peer-reviewed journal that is published three times a year in both print and electronic online version. The purpose of this journal is to publish original research studies, evaluation of current practices and case reports in various subspecialties of orthopaedics and traumatology, as well as associated fields like basic science, biomedical engineering, rehabilitation medicine and nursing.

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